Professional Moles Exterminator in the Fraser Valley
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Information on Moles
Moles are specialized for underground life and can dig extensive tunnel systems. They are typically found in moist, loose soil, and feed on earthworms, insects, and other small invertebrates that they find in the soil. Some species of mole rats are also known to eat plant material. They have poor eyesight and rely mostly on their senses of touch and smell to navigate and find food.
Life Cycle of a Mole
- Egg: Female moles produce eggs that are fertilized by the male. The eggs are small, round, and white, and are usually laid in the spring.
- Embryonic stage: The eggs take between 20 and 25 days to hatch, at which point the embryos enter the embryonic stage of development.
- Larval stage: The embryonic stage is followed by the larval stage, which lasts for about two to three weeks. During this stage, the mole pups are blind, hairless, and completely dependent on their mother for food and protection.
- Juvenile stage: After the larval stage, the mole pups enter the juvenile stage, which lasts for four to eight weeks. During this stage, the pups develop fur and begin to explore their tunnels. They are weaned from their mother’s milk and start to eat solid food.
- Adult stage: After the juvenile stage, the mole pups reach maturity and become adult moles. They are now capable of reproducing and will spend the rest of their lives foraging for food, creating and maintaining tunnels, and avoiding predators. The average lifespan of a mole is 2 to 4 years in the wild.
- It’s important to note that, moles reproduce relatively few offspring per year, usually a single litter of 2-7 young moles are born in the spring. Female moles typically produce one litter per year and only one generation is active at a time.
Mole Control Options
Unfortunately, in Canada, we are quite limited by the mole control options that we have due to strict regulations on fumigants and poisons, even for licensed professional pest control companies. It’s worth noting that most methods that claim to repel moles are not always effective and it may take a combination of methods to get rid of them and keep them away. Some of the more common options are as follows
- Mole traps: These are specialized traps designed to catch moles and can be placed in the tunnels that moles have created. At The Bugman Pest Control, this is our preferred option for mole control and we find it effective.
- Repellents: There are a variety of repellents available that claim to discourage moles from entering an area, including those that emit high-pitched noises or vibrations, or those that release a strong scent. However, their effectiveness is often questionable and not always proven.
- Fumigants: Gases or chemical that can be introduced into mole tunnels to repel or kill them, this method can be dangerous if not done correctly and can have an impact on the environment and other animals. While Carbon Monoxide is a common Fumigant in the united states, there is no legal option for Carbon Monoxide poisoing of moles in Canada at this time.
- Exclusion: Creating a barrier around your lawn or garden that moles cannot dig through. This can include a physical barrier such as a buried mesh fence or a chemical barrier, such as a repellent spray. This can be a great option prior to any major landscaping projects and if properly planned and implemented can be a great option.
- Improving your lawn: Try to make your lawn less attractive to moles. This includes getting rid of grubs, keeping the soil moist and well-drained, and maintaining a healthy lawn.
Where is the most common place to find Moles?
Moles are found primarily in moist, loose soil, they spend most of their life underground, creating extensive tunnels system. Their diet consists mainly of earthworms and insects, which they hunt and capture by touch, mostly they don’t rely on their poor vision.
How Did I Get Moles
There are several factors that can attract Moles to your lawn or garden, such as:
- Presence of a high population of earthworms and insects
- Moist soil
- A lawn or garden that has not been properly maintained (overgrown or dry)
- Presence of grubs, which moles love to eat
- Lack of natural predators
It’s worth mentioning that in some cases having moles in your lawn may not be always bad, moles feed on grubs, insects, and other small invertebrates that can damage plants. Extensive tunneling, on the other hand, can do massive amounts of damage to the land
When the moles get to be too much give Bugman a call at 604-854-2847 and we’ll get them out.